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Gustave Moreau is a French painter, printmaker and draftsman born on April 6, 1826.
In 1892, he was appointed professor at the Academy of Fine Arts and some of his students were Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet, and Georges Rouault.
He traveled a lot, especially in Italy, where he copied Titian and Leonardo da Vinci paintings, and the frescoes of Michelangelo in the Sistine Chapel. He borrowed much to the Renaissance masters and then gradually incorporated in his paintings some exotic and oriental motifs.
Gustave Moreau has collected a large number of drawings, photographs and illustrated books that have formed the basis of his pictorial inspiration.
After his death in 1898, the French government inherited of a workshop containing around 850 paintings and cards, 350 watercolors and 13 drawings and layers. The workshop was transform into a museum and was officially opened to the public on January 13, 1903.
In 1912, André Breton visited this museum and was deeply shaken.
He was buried in Montmartre cemetery.